Henry Ford was born on a farm in Greenfield Township near Detroit, Michigan on the 30th of July, 1863. He had two brothers and two sisters. In his early teens Henry was given a pocket watch by his father and by fifteen he had taken apart and reassembled his friends and families watches dozens of times, earning the title - watch repairman. In 1876, Henry’s mother died and when his father started pressuring Henry to take over the family farm he replied, "I never had any particular love for the farm—it was the mother on the farm I loved." Two years later Henry left the family farm for an apprenticeship in machinery.
Now that Henry had started nothing could hold him back. With the backing of Detroit’s lumber baron, William H. Murphy, Henry started his own company, the Detroit Automobile Company. However, this company failed soon after, in January, 1901.
Later on, in October 1901, Henry designed and successfully raced a 26-horsepowered automobile. On November the 30th 1901, Murphy and other stockholders started the Henry Ford Company, with Henry Ford as Chief Engineer. However, with the introduction of a new consultant Henry left the company which was promptly renamed the Cadillac Automobile Company.
In 1915, Henry introduced the assembly line which enabled an amazing increase in production. By 1918, half of the automobiles in America were Model T’s. However every single one of the vehicles produced after 1915 were black, as this colour dried quicker on the production lines.
A year later, Ford Motor Co. released the Model A. It was an immediate success, selling all the way through to 1931, with a total of over 4 million vehicles sold. Shortly after the release of the new model, the Ford Motor Co. introduced the annual model change system. Later that decade, Henry reluctantly put in place a customer credit plan, the Universal Credit Corporation; it soon became a major vehicle-financing company.
Henry Ford changed the way the world perceived automobiles. He changed them from a heavy, expensive, unreliable vehicle of the wealthy into a light, common, dependable mode of transport for the enjoyment of the lower classes.
He showed the world the efficiency of the production line and he was honoured by several institutions. Henry Ford made a great impact on the world of transport and the adaptations of his work can be seen not only in the past, but also in the world today.