The Big Bang Theory

2 Dec 2010

Our universe is made up of over 100 billion galaxies, and every one of those galaxies is made up of billions of stars. Revolving around these stars are countless planets, with at least one of these harbouring life. A question often asked is how this vast and majestic universe came into being. Some say that it was the will of God. Others believe that the creation of the universe was a complete fluke, and that it had nothing to do with a higher being. Personally, I believe that nothing is ever a chance occurrence, and that everything has been written down exactly how it was meant to be. This following essay will explain the Big Bang Theory and the ever-going debate about our creation.

     According to the Big Bang Theory, around 14 billion years ago our universe was a single point. That single point had zero volume and infinite density. When that point exploded it created the universe. But why would this certain explosion create and not destroy? All explosions we know of destroy.

“The Big Bang Theory holds that the universe began with a simple explosion. Yet, as can be seen, an explosion merely throws matter apart, while the Big Bang has mysteriously produced the opposite effect with matter clumping together in the form of galaxies.” - Fred Hoyle

     Many early scientists were stumped with the origins of our universe. Those in the 19th century believed that the universe had existed for eternity and will continue on for eternity. It wasn’t until the early 20th century that the Big Bang Theory was put forward. Straight away many scientists found compelling proof that corresponded with the Big Bang Theory. A few examples are: 
  •    Edward Hubble discovered that galaxies and their stars are moving away from us. He discovered this when he observed some galaxies’ stars were purple while others were red. As the stars moved away they took on a reddish hue. The stars were turning red rather than purple; therefore the galaxies were moving away from us.
  •    In 1948, a scientist by the name of George Gamow came up with another idea supporting the Big Bang. He stated that after the explosion forming the universe, a radiation surplus should have existed. This radiation surplus should have spread evenly across the universe.
  • George Gamow was right. In 1965 two scientists by the names of Robert Wilson and Arno Penzias accidentally found certain radiation waves. This radiation, called cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR), didn’t radiate from a single source, but rather came from all around. It was evenly distributed around the universe.

     These examples are a few points discovered by specific scientists. Another point is:
  • The hydrogen/helium concentrations in space. If indeed the universe was eternal the hydrogen levels should have been completely converted into helium. However the hydrogen/helium concentrations in space comply with the calculations of the hydrogen/helium concentrations of the Big Bang.
     Even though modern scientists now accept the Big Bang Theory, it wasn’t like that to begin with. Certain scientists detested the principle behind the Big Bang. And it was for one main reason. If the Big Bang Theory is correct it would mean that someone had to make it happen in the first place. By accepting the Big Bang Theory is correct they were therefore accepting the presence of a God. Something many scientists didn’t want to do.

“Philosophically, the notion of an abrupt beginning to the present order of Nature is repugnant to me” - A. S. Eddington

     Although the scientists didn’t like the idea of a God, they couldn’t get away from it. Every piece of evidence pointed toward a creator.

“As we survey all the evidence, the thought instantly arises that some supernatural agency must be involved.” - George Greenstein

     Many scientists conceded that they had no choice but to accept the Big Bang Theory. But a few were adamant that the universe was eternal and that there was no god.
     One specific scientist by the name of Fred Hoyle even invented an entire new theory called the continuous theory. This theory stated that the universe wasn’t created but had existed for eternity and will exist forever more. Fred Hoyle put forward this theory because he despised the Big Bang Theory. He didn’t want to believe that there was a god. He believed that everything man did they did for themselves without the help of a higher being. And even though he had human supporters on his side the facts and the science itself, wasn’t. Everything his theory stood for had no hard scientific proof whatsoever to back it up. Fred Hoyle’s’ theory was what the people wanted to believe, not what the science proved. But eventually the scientific fact was too much. Fred Hoyle was forced to accept the Big Bang Theory.
     But even though Fred Hoyle accepted defeat, many of his supporters didn’t. One in particular was Dennis Sciama. He defended the continuous theory even when everyone else had accepted the Big Bang Theory. He supported the continuous theory not because he believed it was true but because he wished it was. But eventually he too had to admit that the evidence was too much and the continuous theory was dismissed. Now all of the modern scientists had accepted the Big Bang Theory.

     Although the scientists had accepted that the universe had been created by an explosion they still couldn’t figure out what had started the explosion in the first place. These scientists had the greatest scientific minds of their time, and they couldn’t figure out that in order to have a body of any substance of such magnitude put together with such precision, required something or someone to control it. The calculations and formulas required to form something of such size and style as the universe, is unimaginably complex.
     The laws of physics, which appeared in the Big Bang, have not changed in over 14 billion years. The calculations are so precise that if they were off by the smallest amount the entire universe would fail spectacularly. The very matter would have lost its stability and collapse in on itself.

“If the rate of expansion one second after the Big Bang had been smaller by even one part in a hundred thousand million million, the universe would have recollapsed before it ever reached its present size - Stephen Hawking

“Careful measurement puts the rate of expansion very close to a critical value which the universe will just escape its own gravity and expand forever. A little slower and the cosmos would collapse, a little faster and the cosmic material would have long ago completely dispersed. The Big Bang was not, evidently, any old bang, but an explosion of exquisitely arranged magnitude. - Paul Davies

     The Big Bang Theory proves that not only was the universe created out of nothing, but it was also created in a very planned, systematic and controlled manner. Also science proves that the creator of the universe must have created both matter and time but is entirely independent of both.

“If times’ beginning is concurrent with the beginning of the universe, as the space theorem says, then the cause of the universe must be some entity operating in a time dimension completely independent of and pre-existent to the time dimension of the cosmos. This conclusion tells us that God is not the universe itself, nor is God contained within the universe. - Hugh Ross

“With power did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are able to extend (the vastness of space thereof). And We have spread out the earth: how Excellent Spreader are We!” - The Holy Quran: Surah Adh-Dhariyat, Verses 47-48

     Nowadays, all modern scientists have accepted the Big Bang Theory. But although they have accepted the Big Bang Theory as more than a theory they still deny the presence of a god. Even when it’s obvious there is one. Even in the Quran, revealed in the 6th century, it says,

            “Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And we have
made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?”
- The Holy Qur’an: Surah Al-Anbiya, Ayat 30 

     In this single ayat revealed around 1500 years ago, it explains a scientific mystery; man has only recently discovered and yet still cannot understand. While man was still using horses and camels for transport, Allah was answering one of modern man’s greatest scientific problems, even before it was even asked. Allah stated very clearly that it was Him who had caused the Big Bang, even going as far to describe it for us.

“Known that the heavens and the earth was joined together
as one united piece, then We parted them?”
     This part very clearly describes the Big Bang. To Muslims it is very clear about the origins of the universe, and if the scientists of today would just open their eyes and minds to something other than their own fancies then they would see the answer they’ve been looking for is in plain sight, even if they don’t like it. The answer is very clear; for our universe to be in its current state, even for it to exist at all is plain proof that there is a god, always has been and always will be.  


Anonymous said...

mmm...very true and isn't: The Big Bang Theory a TV show. I'm not Muslim but I enjoy reading ur posts. This sounds very interesting....hmm...

Post a Comment